Tổng hợp bài tập thì quá khứ đơn (Simple Past Tense) cực hay – có lời giải

Thì quá khứ đơn là một thì thường xuyên cần sử dụng trong giao tiếp hàng ngày và bài thi. Việc nắm rõ bài tập thì quá khứ đơn sẽ giúp bạn nắm chắc cấu trúc ngữ pháp này đấy. Chính vì lí do đó, ieltscaptoc.com.vn đã tổng hợp và gửi đến bạn trọn bộ bài tập thì quá khứ đơn (Simple Past Tense). Hãy cùng theo dõi các bạn nhé!

1. Tóm tắt lý thuyết thì quá khứ đơn (Simple Past Tense)

1.1. Cách sử dụng thì quá khứ đơn

  • Diễn tả một hành động, sự việc đã diễn ra tại một thời điểm cụ thể, hoặc một khoảng thời gian trong quá khứ và đã kết thúc hoàn toàn ở quá khứ.

Ví dụ:

My sister came home late last night.

Chị gái tôi về nhà muộn đêm qua.

  • Diễn tả một hành động lặp đi lặp lại trong quá khứ. 

Ví dụ:

They always enjoyed going to the zoo.

Họ đã luôn luôn thích thú khi đi thăm vườn bách thú.

Tóm tắt lý thuyết thì quá khứ đơn
Tóm tắt lý thuyết thì quá khứ đơn
  • Diễn đạt các hành động xảy ra liên tiếp trong quá khứ.

Ví dụ:

Anna came home, took a nap, then had lunch.

Laura về nhà, ngủ một giấc, rồi ăn trưa.

  • Diễn đạt một hành động xen vào một hành động đang diễn ra trong quá khứ.

Ví dụ:

When Jane was cooking breakfast, the lights suddenly went out.

Khi Jane đang nấu bữa sáng thì đột nhiên đèn tắt.

  • Diễn đạt hành động không có thật ở hiện tại trong câu điều kiện loại III.

Ví dụ:

If you were me, you would do it.

Nếu bạn là tôi, bạn sẽ làm thế.

1.2. Dấu hiệu nhận biết thì quá khứ đơn

Để nhận ra động từ cần chia ở thì quá khứ đơn, bạn nên chú ý những từ sau có trong câu:

  • Yesterday: Hôm qua
  • Last night: Tối qua
  • Last week: Tuần trước
  • Last month: Tháng trước
  • Last year: Năm ngoái
  • Ago: Cách đây
  • At, on, in… + thời gian trong quá khứ
  • When + mệnh đề chia thì quá khứ đơn

Xem thêm: Bài tập thì quá khứ tiếp diễn từ cơ bản đến nâng cao

2. Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn

Bài tập

Bài tập 1: Chia động từ

  1. Last year my brother (spend) ___________ his holiday in Đà Lạt.
  2. It (be) ___________ really great.
  3. I (travel) ___________around by motorbike with three friends and we visited lots of interesting places.
  4. In the evening I usually (go) ___________to a bar.
  5. One night she even (learn) ___________some Ailen dances.
  6. They (be) ___________very lucky with the weather.
  7. It (not/ rain) ___________yesterday.
  8. But we (see) ___________some beautiful rainbows.
  9. Where (spend/ Lan) ___________her last holiday?

Bài tập 2: Hoàn thành câu

  1. Linh ___________her maths homework yesterday. (to do)
  2. Tuan ___________to Taiwan by plane? (to go)
  3. We ___________a farm three weeks ago. (to visit)
  4. Tuan and Tu ___________their brother. (not/to help)
  5. The children ___________at home last sunday. (not/to be)
  6. When ___________you ___________this wonderful dress? (to design)
  7. My father ___________into the truck. (not/to crash)
  8. Tuan ___________the basket of his bicycle. (to take off)
  9. ___________you ___________your uncle last weekend? (to phone)
  10. She ___________milk at class. (not/to drink)

Bài tập 3: Sử dụng tổng hợp các thì trong quá khứ để hoàn thành câu

  1. I ( go)___________to the school last week.
  2. A bird defecated on the window that I ( clean)___________only five minutes before.
  3. Yesterday at ten she ( sit) ___________in front of her computer.
  4. When their dad got home, the boys ( watch)___________TV for three hours.
  5. A postman (come) ___________to my house yesterday.
  6. He (want) ___________to repair my dishwasher that (break) ___________a few days before.
  7. Before she (ring) ___________at my door, she (look) ___________for a parking space for about five minutes.
  8. While the plumber (repair) ___________the dishwasher, I (watch) ___________the smartphone.
  9. Suddenly, my brother (realise) ___________that they (show) ___________our house on TV.
  10. The reporter (say) ___________that a motorbike (crash) ___________into a pole just before reaching the crossroads.
  11. While he (listen) ___________carefully to what (happen) ___________, someone (knock) ___________at his door.
  12. I (open) ___________the door and (see) ___________my teacher standing there.
  13. She (ask) ___________for the plumber.
  14. As it (turn) ___________out, it (be) ___________ my neighbor’s car that (roll) ___________down the street.
  15. In his haste, the electrician (forget) ___________to put the handbrake on.

Bài tập 4: Hoàn thành bài tập thư điện tử sau với động từ trong ngoặc sử dụng thì quá khứ đơn

Dear Tommy,

How are you doing? I feel miserable, I must admit. And I’m going to tell you why. Yesterday I ………………… (do) my homework, ………………… (tidy) my bedroom and ………………… (decide) to go out. The weather ………………… (be) perfect and so I ………………… (go) to the park. And do you know who I ………………… (see) there? Jason, my boyfriend. I ………………… (want) to say hello to him, but then I ………………… (stop), because I ………………… (can) see a girl coming to him.

Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn - Bài tập 4
Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn – Bài tập 4

Guess what ………………… (happen). They ………………… (meet) in the middle of the road and he ………………… (kiss) her. My Jason! Jason and I ………………… (be) in the park three times and he never ………………… (try) to kiss me! I didn’t know what to do. I just ………………… (run) away. When I ………………… (come) back home, I ………………… (cry). Just a little bit, you know. Then I ………………… (say) to myself: Forget about Jason. There are plenty more fish in the sea! What do you think of him? Is he worth it? Please, write back soon. Love, Sam

Bài tập 5: Điền thông tin đúng vào chỗ trống

(Correct the following information).

Example:

Columbus discovered America in 1492.

Columbus didn’t discover America in 1492

He landed on an island in the Caribbean in 1492.

Princess Victoria became Queen of the United Kingdom in 1901. Victoria ………………………………………… queen in 1901. She ……………. (rule) Britain from 1837 to 1901. Shakespeare was the author of the tragedy called “As You Like It”. “As You like It” ……………………………. a tragedy. Shakespeare ……………………….. (write) it as a comedy. Julius Caesar died in a war in 44 BC. Caesar ………………………. in a war. The Roman senators ………………… (kill) him in the Senate. Sandro Botticelli created the portrait known as Mona Lisa. Botticelli …………………………………. Mona Lisa. Leonardo da Vinci ………………………. (paint) it. Shah Jahan, the Mughal emperor in India, built Taj Mahal for his oldest daughter. Shah Jahan ……………………………. Taj Mahal for his daughter. It ……………. (be) the tomb of his third wife.

Xem thêm: Tổng hợp bài tập can could be able to

Bài tập 6: Hoàn thành bài tập viết lại câu sau sử dụng thì quá khứ đơn

(Jumbled sentences – make past simple questions).

Example:

  • you | clean | room | the
  • Did you clean the room?
  1. Tom | arrive | on time
  2. not | know | you |it
  3. at | be | Marry | the | party
  4. you | why | leave | early | so
  5. they | in | be | office | their
  6. think | what | he | our | of | house
  7. trip | like | the | Mr. and Mrs. John
  8. you | how | do | that
  9. they | not | address | their |tell |you
  10. there | how | Jerry | get

Bài tập 7: Hoàn thành câu trả lời sau sử dụng thì quá khứ đơn

(Complete the answers).

D: Were you hungry?

F: Yes, I …………………… a little bit hungry.

D: Was your sister at school?

F: No, she …………………… at school.

D: Were your parents at work?

F: Yes, my mum …………………… at work. But my dad …………………… at work. He was ill.

D: Was John your friend? And Sam?

F: Peter and Bill …………………. my best friends.

D: I think the first story was quite interesting and the second story was great.

F: Really? No, the stories ………………….. very interesting.

D: Was I often ill when I was a child?

F: Not really. You ……………….. much healthier than your brother.

D: Were Marry and Miley good at sport?

F: Well, Susan …………. quite good at athletics, but Marion ……………………. good at any sport.

Bài tập 8: Hoàn thành mẫu truyện sau với dạng từ phủ định trong ngoặc

(Complete the story with negative forms).

Blue Friday

I ……………………………. (not have) a good day yesterday. I ……………………. (cannot) stay in bed late, because it was Friday and I had to go to school. Unfortunately, I ……………………………… (not get) up on time and I ………………………….. (not catch) the bus. I wanted to take a taxi, but I …………………… (not be) lucky. There ……………………… (not be) any taxis in our street. I ………………………………… (not want) to ask my dad to take me by car, because I thought it ……………………… (not be) a very good idea. I went to school on foot and as I ………………….. (not be) used to long walks, I was pretty tired. I…………………………………… (not listen) to our English teacher and when we wrote a revision test I ………………………………. (not pass) it. Believe me, my parents ……………………. (not be) very happy about it.

Bài tập 9: Lựa chọn và điền dạng đúng của từ

teach     cook     want     spend       ring

be     sleep     study     go     write

  1. She…..out with her boyfriend last night.
  2. Laura…..a meal yesterday afternoon.
  3. Mozart…..more than 600 pieces of music.
  4. I…..tired when I came home.
  5. The bed was very comfortable so they…..very well.
  6. Jamie passed the exam because he…..very hard.
  7. My father…..the teenagers to drive when he was alive.
  8. Dave…..to make a fire but there was no wood.
  9. The little boy…..hours in his room making his toys.
  10. The telephone…..several times and then stopped before I could answer it.

Bài tập 10: Use the Past form of the verbs

  1. I (be)………………………………… a student 2 years ago.
  2. He (be)……………………………. a doctor two years ago.
  3. They (be)…………………………… farmers last year.
  4. Lan and Ba (be)……………………. nurses last year.
  5. It (be not)………………………. cold yesterday.
  6. She (be not)…………………… a pupil last week.
  7. This hat (be not)……………………. new yesterday.
  8. My parents (be not)………………….. teachers two years ago.
  9. He (be not)…………………….. a mechanic last Monday.
  10. (Be)………………. he an engineer yesterday. No, he (be not)…………………
  11. (Be)…………….. It hot last week?
  12. The windows (be)……………….. open last Monday.
  13. (Be)…………….. you a teacher two years ago? Yes, I (be)……………..
  14. Where (be)……………….. Nam from yesterday?
  15. Why (be)………………………. he unhappy last Tuesday?
  16. I (remember)…………………… your trip to Nha Trang two years ago.
  17. Ba (wear)……………………….. the cap all day yesterday.
  18. I (eat)…………………….. a lot of fish yesterday.
  19. Her aunt (take)…………………………….. her to see Cham Temple last year.
  20. Tuan (have)………………………… a new bike yesterday.
  21. She (not buy)……………………………. a new ruler yesterday.
  22. He (not talk)…………………………… with his parents about his vacation in Da Lat last year.
  23. They (not come)……………………………. school yesterday?
  24. The windows (not close)………………………. yesterday?
  25. We (not return)……………………………….. at home at 7 pm last Monday.
  26. She (not eat)……………………………………… fish and crab yesterday.
  27. Lan (not go)…………………………… Ho Chi Minh city two years ago.
  28. My parents (not take)…………………………… to Vung Tau last week.
  29. We (not have)……………………………….. a lot of friends in Ha Noi.
  30. Lan and Hoa (be)……………………………… your school two years ago?
  31. What they (play)…………………………. last week?
  32. What Hoa (try)……………………………………………… on yesterday?
  33. Who (talk)……………………………… to about the film on TV last Monday?
  34. Where they (stop)………………………………. on their way back last Sunday?
  35. What the student (wear)……………………………….. at school two years ago?
  36. Where you (put) ………………………….. the cake yesterday?
  37. What time you (leave)……………………………. home for school yesterday?
  38. What Ba (receive)…………………………… from Liz last week?
  39. How long he (do)………………………. this hat yesterday?
  40. What time you (go)…………………………….. to bed last night?
  41. You (go)…………………………….. to Dalat for last tet vacation/
  42. He (have)…………………………….. a lot of friends in Ho Chi Minh city 3 years ago?
  43. His uncle (take)……………………….. him to see Tri Nguyen aquarium last week?
  44. Liz (buy)……………………… a lot of souvenirs yesterday?
  45. They (put)……………………… the fish in the big bag last Sunday?
  46. They (eat)……………………….meat in her meals in Vung Tau yesterday?
  47. I(wear) the …………………….cap with a dolphin om it yesterday/
  48. Liz (teach)…………………………… Ba some English last week/
  49. Bad and Tan (remember) …………………their trip to Nha Trang last month?
  50. Nam (return) ………………………..to Ha Noi last week?
  51. I (go)……………………….to Ben Thanh market last Monday
  52. He (get)…………………………up at 7 o’clock yesterday.
  53. What time you (go) …………………to bed last night?
  54. She ( not go)…………………………….to work last weekend.
  55. Lan (meet)……………………………her at the party 3 years ago.
  56. Last summer vacation, Mom (not buy)………………………..me a new buy?
Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn - Bài tập 10
Bài tập thì quá khứ đơn – Bài tập 10
  1. When he (leave)…………………………. for work last week.
  2. What you (do)…………………………… yesterday?
  3. We (begin)………………………………to learn English 3 years ago.
  4. She (be)…………………………………..an engineer last week.
  5. Lan (be not)……………………………..at home yesterday.
  6. He (wear) ……………………………….the shirt last week.
  7. They (be ) …………………………..here yesterday.
  8. You (go) ………………………….to school yesterday?
  9. Tam (be)……………………………….. at home last night? – Yes, he (be).
  10. Where he (go)…………………………………. yesterday?
  11. I (be)………………………………….. sick last night.
  12. Why you (not come )………………………… to class yesterday?
  13. We (be) …………………………..in the library yesterday.
  14. Hoa (buy) ……………………………..a lot of things for her birthday party.
  15. What time you (leave) ………………………………….home for school yesterday?

Đáp án

Bài tập 1

1. spent2. was3. travelled4. went
5. learned6. were7. did not rain8. saw

Bài tập 2

1. did2. did susan go3. visited4. did not help5. were not
6. did you design7. did not crash8. took off9. did you phone10. did not drink

Xem thêm: Trọn bộ bài tập thì hiện tại hoàn thành

Bài tập 3

  1. went
  2. had cleaned
  3. was sitting
  4. had been watching
  5. came
  6. wanted; had broken
  7. rang; had been looking
  8. was repairing; was watching
  9. realised; were showing
  10. said; had crashed
  11. was listening; had happened; knocked
  12. opened; saw
  13. asked
  14. turned; was; had rolled
  15. had forgotten

Bài tập 4

  1. did
  2. tidied
  3. decided
  4. was
  5. went
  6. saw
  7. wanted
  8. stopped
  9. could
  10. happened
  11. met kissed
  12. were
  13. tried
  14. ran
  15. came
  16. cried
  17. said

Bài tập 5

  • Victoria didn’t (did not) become… She ruled…
  • “As You Like It” wasn’t (was not)… Shakespeare wrote…
  • Caesar didn’t (did not) die… The Roman senators killed…
  • Botticelli didn’t (did not) create… Leonardo da Vinci painted…
  • Shah Jahan didn’t (did not) build… It was…

Bài tập 6

  1. Did Tom arrive on time?
  2. Didn’t you know it? Did you not know it?
  3. Was Marry at the party?
  4. Why did you leave so early?
  5. Were they in their office?
  6. What did he think of our house?
  7. Did Mr. and Mrs. John like the trip?
  8. How did you do that?
  9. Didn’t they tell you their address? Did they not tell you their address?
  10. How did Jerry get there?

Bài tập 7

Yes, I was a little bit hungry.

No, she was not (wasn’t) at school.

Yes, my mum was at work. But my dad was not (wasn’t) at work.

John and Sam were my best friends.

No, the stories were not (weren’t) very interesting.

Not really. You were much healthier than your brother.

Well, Marry was quite good at athletics, but Miley was not (wasn’t) good at any sport.

Bài tập 8

  • I didn’t (did not) have
  • I couldn’t (could not)
  • I didn’t (did not) get
  • I didn’t (did not) catch
  • I wasn’t (was not)
  • There weren’t (were not)
  • I didn’t (did not) want
  • it wasn’t (was not)
  • I wasn’t (was not)
  • I didn’t (did not) listen
  • I didn’t (did not) pass
  • my parents weren’t (were not)

Xem thêm: Tổng hợp trọn bộ bài tập This That These Those

Bài tập 9

1. went2. cooked3. wrote4. was tired5. slept
6. studied7. taught8. wanted9. spent10. rang

Bài tập 10

1 – was2 – was3 – were4 – were5 – wasn’t
6 – wasn’t7 – wasn’t8 – weren’t9 – wasn’t10 – was – wasn’t
11 – was12 – were13 – were – was14 – was15 – was
16 – remembered17 – wore18 – ate19 – took 20 – had
21 – didn’t buy22 – didn’t talk23 – Did … not come24 – Did …not close25 – didn’t return
26 – didn’t eat27 – didn’t go28 – didn’t take29 – didn’t have30 – were …
31 – did .. play32 – did… try33 – talked34 – did… stop35 – did … wear
36 – did.. putt37 – did… leave38 – did…receive39 – did… do40 – did…go
41 – Did…go42 – Did… have43 – Did… take44 – Did.. bought45 – Did…put
46 – Did…eat47 – wore48 – taught49 – Did… remember50 – Did…return
51 – went52 – got53 – did…go54 – didn’t go55 – met
56 – Did … not buy57 – did… leave58 – did… do59 – began60 – was
61 – wasn’t 62 – wore63 – were64 – did… go65 – Was
66 – did …go67 – was68 – didn’t come69 – were70 – bought
71 – did …leave    

Đừng quên ghi chú lại những lỗi sai mình gặp phải khi làm bài tập thì quá khứ đơn. Có như vậy lần sau chúng ta mới tránh khỏi được những lỗi sai khi sử dụng thì này đấy. Các bạn cũng có thể rèn luyện thêm nhiều bài tập thú vị, bổ ích khác tại ieltscaptoc.com.vn.  Chúc các bạn học tập vui vẻ nhé!

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